Richard Gilbert, Deputy Director of Business Action for Africa and Beth Jenkins, Insights Director at Business Fights Poverty and Non-Resident Fellow of the Business Action for Africa published the first report in this series in 2009, focusing broadly on the role of business and development. By the time the second report was published in 2010, it had become clear that cross-sector, multi-stakeholder collaboration was at the heart of the matter. Since then, Business Action for Africa has published two more reports focusing explicitly on collaboration, in partnership with the CSR Initiative at the Harvard Kennedy School and The Partnering Initiative. This is the third. It aims to identify key success factors for collaborative working and support greater understanding amongst businesses, governments and civil society organisations interested in increasing the sustainability, scale and systemic impact of their partnering activities.