The development impacts of mining have traditionally been reported with reference to production, investment, employment, taxation and royalties, and direct effects on the economy. In more recent years, greater emphasis has also been placed on local development impacts, such as the procurement of local goods and services and the provision of skills and infrastructure. While these are important indicators of the contribution that the mining industry can make to local, regional and national economies, understanding the outcomes of mineral development for communities and society as a whole requires a different type of analysis. The objective in producing this document is to illustrate the methods available to measure human and social development impacts and consider the applicability of these methods for use in the mining industry context.