Community Development Strategies
Duration: 118 minutes
Keywords: Energy, Mining, Community Driven Development
Marcelo De Andrade
Dan Owen, Program Coordinator for Community Driven Development at the World Bank, gave an overview of the Bank’s practices. Kiku Loomis, Co-Founder and President of World Monitors, a human rights-focused consulting group, addressed private sector and community development. Willy Egset of Statoil discussed corporate and social responsibility as practiced by his Norwegian petroleum company. He also summarized his experiences with poverty and conflict as a former member of the Bank. Finally, Marcelo De Andrade, Founder and Chairman of Pro-Natura International, spoke about the future steps to advancing community development and described the multitude of failed approaches as “scars.”
During the question-and-answer period, participants asked about the rationale behind certain project selections, approaches used in regions where government support is lacking, and the distinction between community development projects and compensation projects.
Following the completion of the morning breakout sessions, all event participants came together once more to hear the presentation of the Resource Endowment Initiative and the Community Development Toolkit by Paul Mitchell, Secretary-General of the International Council on Mining & Metals. Mitchell, who was introduced by Dafna Tapiero, Manager of CommDev, discussed the major findings of the resource endowment, including the fact that individual parties acting independently will not produce significantly positive outcomes because their activities are too small and will not extend beyond immediate local communities. He added that investment will occur with government reforms, and the use of revenues to control proper variables will yield growth coupled with should be broad-based poverty alleviation.