Water is necessary to sustain life, and access to it is a human right. As a shared resource, however, it can be a catalyst for conflict. For the mining industry, access to water is crucial and the economic and social dimensions of water management are now the fastest growing challenges to mining projects. IFC is seeing technically sound mining investment projects face complaints, conflicts and even closures because of water related issues. This discussion paper draws on the experience of IFC, industry partners, civil society, academics and government, and emphasizes the social water risks that mining companies and their host communities face.
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A Strategic Approach to Early Stakeholder Engagement ( A Good Practice Handbook for Junior Companies in the Extractive Industries )
Helping smaller companies is an important component of IFC’s Oil, Gas and Mining Industry Strategy. This handbook specifically addresses the context and challenges of Early Strategic Stakeholder Engagement (ESSE) faced by junior companies at the exploration and preliminary project development stages. Juniors generally have limited resources, especially in terms of available funds and staff, and inputs need to be comprehensive, strategic and tailored to each stage. The handbook takes the reader step-by-step through the process of building trust relationships and gaining and maintaining a social license to operate at each project life-cycle stage. It also provides an overview of good practice approaches and tools such as addressing human rights and gender issues; participatory rural appraisal techniques; developing a stakeholder map and analysis; communications and sustainability; risk and opportunity screening and prioritization; artisanal and small-scale mining; strategic community engagement; the Financial Valuation Tool; grievance mechanisms; tips and tactics on conflict resolution; and measuring, evaluating and communicating for strategic advantage.
This User Guide is intended to provide a brief but comprehensive overview of the IFC’s Financial Valuation (FV) Tool. The FV Tool facilitates a rigorous process that brings together a cross functional team to assess how these investments yield a reduction in costly risk events in other business areas, such as land access and community health and safety. The Tool and implementation process provide a common platform and language (financial value) for many business units, such as finance, risk, sustainability, procurement and human resources, to assess the returns from investing in sustainability.
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The toolkit responds to a clear need in different parts of the world for a more systematic and objective way to quantify and agree ways to enhance mining’s economic and social contribution. It is currently being applied in a number of countries and can be used by mine managers and those interested in promoting economic and social development (host governments, development agencies and development-focused NGOs).
This report was written by Faris Natour, Director, Human Rights, and Jessica Davis Pluess, Manager, Research, with contributions from many BSR colleagues and advisors. It captures key lessons learned from BSR’s work conducting human rights impact assessments (HRIAs) and outlines our approach to corporate-, country-, site-, and product-level HRIAs using eight guidelines. The report outlines a framework that should be carefully tailored to a company’s unique risk profile and operating context; it is not intended as an off-the-shelf HRIA tool or checklist.
Mining companies are increasingly concerned about water risk at all levels, physical, regulatory, reputational and investor. Sixty-eight percent of mining-specific cases reviewed by IFC and MIGA’s Compliance Advisor Ombudsman (CAO) Office have a water dimension. Water, more than any other natural resource, should be approached and valued from multiple perspectives. The social and environmental aspects of water have a profound impact on the cost of closing old mines, the development of new mining projects and the expansion of existing ones. Beyond the economic value of water, which could be established using existing methodologies, environmental, social and cultural values of water are much more difficult to capture as they may be perceived differently by diverse stakeholder groups.This paper presents the Water, Mining and Communities Framework, which focuses on integrating technical and social approaches to sustainable water management with a goal to achieve co-management of water between various stakeholders.
This report was produced by ICMM, in partnership with the IFC and Brunswick. It explores the state of the communications function in the mining industry, based on research informed by a series of interviews with communications executives conducted in early 2013.
This Briefing for Business is intended for senior managers in global and national companies, especially those retailing and producing food and fast-moving consumer goods, and which source goods or labour in developing countries. Although many companies already do much to protect human rights in their operations and value chains, there is more that they can and must do. In this Briefing for Business, we concentrate on gender equality and the responsibilities of business to uphold and promote it, recognising that business can have a positive impact on the lives and status of women as well as men, while enhancing companies’ own productivity and reputation.
This research report presents a joint analysis by Corporate Citizenship and Notingham University's International Centre for Corporate Responsibility of the global business initiatives on women's empowerment in emerging markets. Reasearch findings show that businesses are increasing viewing women as potential consumers, employees, suppliers and distributors. Link to publication.
Innovative Approaches to Multistakeholder Engagement in the Extrative Industry ( Extractive Industries for Development Series #29 )
The Oil, Gas, and Mining Unit series publishes reviews and analyses of sector experience from around the world as well as new findings from analytical work. It places particular emphasis on how the experience and knowledge gained relates to developing country policy makers, communities affected by extractive industries, extractive industry enterprises, and civil society organizations. We hope to see this series inform a wide range of interested parties on the opportunities as well as the risks presented by the sector.